Chengdu is a vibrant city that has risen up as one of the must-see destinations in China with a total population of nearly 16 million. As the capital of Sichuan Province, it has been the center of technology, economy, trade, finance and transportation in southwestern China. Founded by the state of Shu prior to its incorporation of China, Chengdu has a history of over 3000 years. Its prehistoric settlers included the Sanxingdui culture. The site of Dujiangyan is one of China's most ancient and successful irrigation systems, watered by the Min River. The city is also the home to Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding. Moreover, Chengdu was awarded the title of the City of Gastronomy by the UNESCO. Famous local dishes include Hotpot, Mapo Doufu and Dan Dan Mian etc.
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